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Soccer Referee Questions on Soccer Rules
Welcome to all from -- a Soccer Law Question and Answer site. Providing answers to questions regarding soccer laws since October 11, 1999... to ask a question simply click on Ask the Ref in the menu bar and pose your question and the panel will reply ASAP.

Over the past 24 years we have amassed hundreds of thousands of questions & answers but the LOTG always change and/or portions no longer apply.

It is essential to reread the latest version of the Laws of the Game as they are constantly being tweaked, reevaluated and rewritten each year!
The IFAB 2022 - 2023 LOTG Laws of the Game can be viewed here

Those who have ideas or articles please feel free to contact the editor Richard Dawson at with suggestions.

You Call It!

After two years and many request - You Call It is back! Now it's your turn to test your knowledge in a scenario created by our panel of referees. If your answer is spot on we will publish it on our site! Good luck click here!

Law 11 - Offside 1/27/2023

Petr of Prague, Czech Republic Czech Republic asks...

Thank you gentlemen. I will allow myself to conclude. This topic came to my mind when I watched Mbappe on the counter attack. Let's say the player runs at a speed of 30 km/h.

And now a bit of physics, which is taught here in elementary school. I hope I can still do it. :-)

30 km/h = 8.33 m/s = 833 cm/s

In 0.1 second it makes 83.3 centimeters!

In 0.01 second it makes 8.33 centimeters!

In 0.001 second it makes 0.833 centimeter!

I'd really like to meet a referee who freezes an image to the exact thousandth of a second. I personally assume that at these speeds they are on average about half a meter wrong. :-) And then they show us on the screen that it was exactly twelve centime...

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Law 11 - Offside 1/25/2023

Petr of Prague, Czech Republic Czech Republic asks...

I understand you gentlemen. Neverthless, I specified the time of those situations.

1) The goalkeeper starts the throw movement in time 35:42. The ball leaves hand in time 35:43. Is the crucial point at 35:42 or 35:43?

2) The attacker puts the ball on the instep in time 35:42. The ball sits on his instep until time 35:44. In time 35:44 he starts a passing motion and the ball leaves his foot at 35:45. Is the crucial point at 35:42 or 35:44 or 35:45?

After all, in one second the attacker can be several metres closer to the goal. In my opinion, this is simply not a theoretical situation, but completely practical one. These 'crucial first points' decide whether a teammate is in offside position or not.

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Mechanics 1/18/2023

RE: Adult

AEK Fan Club Of NY of ASTORIA, NY USA asks...

Thank you for your replies. IMHO the white player clearly dived, he had no intention to play the ball, he turned his body, closed his eyes, and prayed to get kicked.
The initial call by the ref was no penalty, and while #21 white (the victim) yelled at the referee, the referee told him, "You clearly dived, no questions asked".
During the VAR review, the ref was shown the kick only, not the handball, nor the body turning. Just the last 0.5 seconds of the play with the kick

Just FYI, cause I have the feeling that the VAR call has affected everyone's opinion

Thnx again...

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Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 1/17/2023

RE: Adult

AEK Fan Club Of NY of ASTORIA, NY USA asks...

Thank you all for the reply. Please allow me to visualize the question:

The attacker in white #21 (IMHO) deliberately places his body between the ball and the defensive player. IMHO again, he never made a play for the ball. While he was doing this, the ball bounced on his hand, clearly and then he received the kick from the defender. IMHO again, you can see his eyes (#21) closed during the play, as he is anticipating the kick. The attacking team is shouting "penalty" the defending team is saying "handball" or "diving" and in any case no penalty. What is your take on this?...

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Law 11 - Offside 1/16/2023

Petr of Prague, Czech Republic Czech Republic asks...


I have received two replies to this topic.

First brief from IFAB: 'It is the first touch that causes the ball to move (i.e. gives the ball energy or momentum) which is considered.'

The second answer from the internet from one referee: 'First touch on the instep is the moment as that's the first touch.'

I can say that now I don't understand it at all. :-)

So is it at the start of the 'scoop' or when the ball leaves the foot? (just like with the goalkeeper's throw?)

In fact, it could play a role, because many times it really is about centimeters.

Thank you very much!...

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Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 1/16/2023

RE: Adult

AEK Fan Club Of NY of ASTORIA, NY USA asks...

With regards to handball. Is there a different set of rules, if the handball is done by an offensive player, while attacking vs a defensive player.

For example lets say that as the ball drops into the penalty box after a cross over pass, just before the defensive player kicks it away, it falls onto the hand of an offensive player. Does it matter if the hand was extended or not?...

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Law 11 - Offside 1/16/2023

RE: Adult

Michael Morrow of Oldham, United Kingdom asks...

If an offside offence occurs, the referee awards an indirect free kick where the offence occurred, including if it is in the player’s own half of the field of play.

Can you explain how you can be in your own half and be offside given that earlier in the law it states offside is only in the opponent's half??


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Law 12 - Fouls and Misconduct 1/16/2023

RE: Adult

Damien of Athens, Greece asks...

This is a two part question regarding the handball rule. Yesterday the following situtation occured, .

White team was awarded a penalty since the defender kicked him.

My question though has to do with handball rule. The attacking player seems to have touched the ball with his hand in the attempt to steal the ball, prior to getting kicked. So the questions are

1) Any touch of the ball with the hand, directly resulting to goal is penalized. Does that extend to penalties?

2) Is the handball above considered a deliberate play? Is the fact that the hand is close to the body a deciding factor?...

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Law 11 - Offside 1/15/2023

RE: League junior division Under 13

Graham Dewey of Peterborough, Cambridgeshire United Kingdom asks...

My striker is in a offside position just in front of the two defenders.
The play is in our goal area, my defender clears the ball forward about 10yds inside our half , my strikers runs back towards our goal on our half of the pitch picks up the loose ball starts to run forward linesman flags for offside as the striker was offside when the defender cleared the ball ! Is this the correct decision

Thx Graham ...

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Mechanics 12/29/2022

RE: Amateur Adult

Mühenned Elseyho of Onikisubat, Kahramanmara? Turkey asks...

When the referee announces a penalty kick, when is the yellow card shown and when is it not?...

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