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Soccer Rules Changes 1580-2000

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Question Number: 29486

Law 1- The Field 6/19/2015

RE: Rec Adult

Ed Jarvis of Cambridge, Cambridgeshire England asks...

We all know that the ball is in play unless the whole of the ball is over the whole of the line. But when is the ball in or out of the penalty area? And with reference to five-a-side, when is it in or out of the D?

Answer provided by Referee Gary Voshol

Law 1 tells us that the lines are part of the area they bound. That is why the ball must be completely outside the line to be considered off the field - because the line is part of the field.

Consequently, the line bounding the penalty area is part of the area. If any part of the ball is eclipsing any smidgen of the line, it is in the PA. The same applies to player positions when determining if a foul results in a direct kick or penalty kick. If the site of the foul is above the PA line, it is a PK.

I am not familiar with 5 a side rules, but I would apply the same principle - if any part of the ball is over the D, it's in the D.

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Answer provided by Referee Richard Dawson

Hi Ed,
The principle is the same, If we consider all boundary lines as a 5 inch walls of water extending straight up. If any portion of the ball is wet it is inside the area the boundary lines contain. Not sure what ruling there might be on a 5 aside short field but it seems reasonable to assume the same dynamics apply. Perhaps in the association bylaws?

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Answer provided by Referee Joe McHugh

Hi Ed
The Laws tell us that the lines form part of the area that they bound. So the penalty area lines are part of the penalty area. If any part of the ball is touching any part of a penalty area line it is deemed to be in the penalty area and the ball can be handled by the goalkeeper.
In Futsal the FIFA indoor game the same principle applies so I would expect that in five a side indoor it would be the same. That certainly would be the expectation.

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Answer provided by Referee Ben Mueller

The lines are part of the boundaries that they define. That is the line that marks the penalty area is part of the penalty area. Thus on a goal kick, the ball is not in play until the whole ball completely cross over the line marking the penalty area. A foul that occurs on the line of the penalty area that is a direct free kick foul against the defense is a penalty kick,

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