Soccer Referee Resources
Ask a Question
Recent Questions

Previous You-Call-It's

VAR (Video Assistant Referee)

Q&A Quick Search
The Field of Play
The Ball
The Players
The Players Equipment
The Referee
The Other Match Officials
The Duration of the Match
The Start and Restart of Play
The Ball In and Out of Play
Determining the Outcome of a Match
Fouls and Misconduct
Free Kicks
Penalty kick
Throw In
Goal Kick
Corner Kick

Common Sense
Kicks - Penalty Mark
The Technical Area
The Fourth Official
Attitude and Control
League Specific
High School

Common Acronyms
Meet The Ref
Contact AskTheRef
Help Wanted
About AskTheRef

Soccer Rules Changes 1580-2000

Panel Login

Question Number: 33580

Kicks From The Penalty mark 8/17/2019

RE: Adult

Douglas Wix of Liverpool, Merseyside United Kingdom asks...

Hi. I am aware v.a.r.can decide on penalty retakes during normal play if the keeper is off his line but does this apply to penalty kicks in a shoot out or is it up to the 2 officials as A drain was well off his line when he saved pen against Chelsea. P.s.As a Liverpool was obviously pleased but still feel ref should have said retake. She reffed well & that was probably her only mistake.

Answer provided by Referee Peter Grove

Hi Douglas,
As written, the VAR protocol does not differentiate between penalties taken during normal play and those taken during kicks from the penalty mark, when it comes to goalkeeper encroachment. And while there was a special dispensation from cautions for keeper encroachment during KFPM for the Women's World Cup, I'm not aware of any official pronouncement in this regard for other competitions. So theoretically, VAR could still get involved in this but I suspect that ref McHugh may well be right and that going forward, we will possibly not see such offences being the subject of a review based on input from the VAR very often unless the offence is egregious.

Read other questions answered by Referee Peter Grove

View Referee Peter Grove profile

Answer provided by Referee Joe McHugh

Hi Douglas
Many associations are now choosing not to use VAR to determine goalkeeper encroachment at a penalty kick during KFTPM and it is left to the AR to decide as per in the past.
It is a fall out from the FIFA Women's World Cup where a few very tight calls were made using VAR.
This was seen as technically off the line yet was viewed as unfair by the soccer world particularly when she did not even touch the ball? FIFA was also concerned I would think that it was going to end up as dismissals and or suspensions for goalkeepers late on in the tournament with the mandatory cautions.
As a result IFAB agreed to a dispensation on the use of VAR for penalties in KFTPM after that during the World Cup which has it seems continued into other tournaments.
Now when I saw the Adrian one I asked myself whether there was encroachment or not. From looking at the video, if the AR had flagged the movement it would have been correct and confirmed by VAR.
I suspect that the AR reverted to type by not calling this as a tight one and in some ways avoiding the wrath of the soccer world. The Womens WC decision was for me somewhat of a confirmation that the game does not want to call *minimal* encroachment and that then leads to what is meant by minimal. The Adrian one was minimal encroachment with his right foot some 5/6 inches from the line at most. Freeze frame @ 27s. Only one foot is now required to be on the line.

In the scheme of things I have no doubt that had the AR flagged this she would have been berated personally for such a tight call whereas in the WC it was VAR that was berated. Technology does not lie nor does it have a personal life, feelings, deal with adversary or fallout
Personally I think the Law 14 is flawed with its wording still being too restrictive. To give a GK a sporting chance of a save there has to be movement and Adrian movement was in my opinion trifling at the moment of the kick not when he played the ball. It was simply a poor penalty kick.

Read other questions answered by Referee Joe McHugh

View Referee Joe McHugh profile

Ask a Follow Up Question to Q# 33580
Read other Q & A regarding Kicks From The Penalty mark

Soccer Referee Extras

Did you Ask the Ref? Find your answer here.

Enter Question Number

If you received a response regarding a submitted question enter your question number above to find the answer

Offside Question?

Offside Explained by Chuck Fleischer & Richard Dawson, Former & Current Editor of AskTheRef

This web site and the answers to these questions are not sanctioned by or affiliated with any governing body of soccer. The free opinions expressed on this site should not be considered official interpretations of the Laws of the Game and are merely opinions of AskTheRef and our panel members. If you need an official ruling you should contact your state or local representative through your club or league. On AskTheRef your questions are answered by a panel of licensed referees. See Meet The Ref for details about our panel members. While there is no charge for asking the questions, donation to maintain the site are welcomed! <>